Different dog training techniques

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There are many ways to skin a cat, or perhaps train a dog. We will go over the top techniques below that you can implement today.

This category includes those techniques whose main ways of teaching are positive reinforcement , negative reinforcement or punishment. As all these techniques are very different from each other, they are classified into three specific subcategories: traditional canine training, positive training and mixed techniques.

1. Positive training

Positive training comprises a set of techniques based on the principles of conditioning developed by professionals. Its popularity was very low until the dog training specialists make great breakthroughs.

With these techniques it is not necessary to wear training collars, and the training sessions are very rewarding for both trainers and dogs. The main method of teaching is the use of positive reinforcements, popularly known as rewards. Therefore, what is mainly done is to reinforce the desired behaviors either through food, congratulations or others. There are also ways to eliminate unwanted behaviors, but punishment is not used in any case.

The main advantages of positive training are that:
-The results are as reliable as those obtained with traditional training.
-It is not necessary to physically hurt the dog.
-We encourage them to learn by mirroring our expectations.

1. Traditional canine training

The traditional training originated in the dog schools of dogs of war and was a great success to train military dogs for the two world wars. After the 1950’s it gained a lot of popularity thanks to the stories of heroic dogs everywhere.

In these techniques, negative reinforcement and punishment are the exclusive means of training. To achieve results it is necessary to physically force the dogs until they perform the desired actions. The choke collars, electric fence and are excellent tools for such work.

Although these techniques are strongly defended by their practitioners, they are also attacked with the same obstinacy by those who consider them cruel and violent. The main benefit of traditional training is the high reliability of trained behaviors. The disadvantages include potential behavioral collateral problems caused by training as well as possible damage from tight choker chains and collars.

2. Mixed Theories

Mixed techniques are intermediate points between traditional training and positive training. Therefore, they are usually less harsh than some, but still not like positive methods. Generally, trainers using mixed techniques combine the use of the hanging collar with rewards. However, they often prefer to use toys instead of food as a reward. According to the trainers, this stimulates the instinct to chase. The exception to not using food usually occurs in the initial stages and for training in tracing, but this depends on the trainer.

Techniques based on biology

Techniques based on canine biology are those that totally or partially ignore stuff of learning, and concentrate on the dog’s natural behaviors. It’s fundamental premise is that the owner has to acquire a hierarchical status superior to that of the dog. In this way, the owner assumes the role of an alpha or leader.

Although these techniques are very popular, their actual effectiveness is very debatable. In addition, they are so diverse that a clearly defined standard or training line can not be found, unlike what happens with traditional training and positive training. No matter what training method you use you must have a good dog crate. Read more about heavy duty dog crates to get the best one for your canine.